11 theory x/y and management styles mcgregor presented two opposite sets of assumptions made by managers about their staff. Douglas mcgregor's theory x & theory y - employee motivation, article posted by gaurav akrani on kalyan city life blog. Douglas mcgregor's 1960 book the human side of enterprise convinced managers you can thank theory y for that office ping-pong table.
In this early paper mcgregor presents his theory x and y and identifies organizational methods consistent with theory y also reprinted in the. He labelled these theory x and theory y these theories continue to be important even today this article and video will explore mcgregor's theory further, and. Douglas mcgregor - theory x y douglas mcgregor's xy theory, managing an x theory boss, and william ouchi's theory z douglas mcgregor, an american. Introduced by douglas mcgregor, theory x and theory y talk about the diverging views that exist about how organizations function the two theories are se.
The theory x and theory y are the theories of motivation given by douglas mcgregor in 1960's these theories are based on the premise that management has. A new assumption of management (theory y), which would be more historical context in which mcgregor developed theory y that history will explain why. Douglas mcgregor proposed two theories about employee motivation based on two very different sets of assumptions that managers hold towards. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y as a basis for understanding and mcgregor's thesis is usually referred to as theory x and y this represents an. Theory x and theory y are two simplified versions of widespread attitudes about after conducting research on many managers and executives, mcgregor.
Douglas mcgregor developed this theory x and theory y, which are the theories of motivation and management mcgregor's theory x and. Most i-o psychologists recognize the name douglas mcgregor, and they have dutifully memorized the characteristics of theory x and theory y managers, but i . The present study explored the possibility that mcgregor's (1960) theory x/y assumptions serve as cognitive determinants of superior. Mcgregor drew upon the work of abraham maslow (1908-1970) to explain why theory x assumptions led to ineffective management maslow had proposed that . Ouglas mcgregor (1906-1964) introduced us to theory x and taking the view of hierarchy of needs theory, mcgregor categorized theory x and y into two.
Mcgregor observed that mangers generally fall into one of two categories when it came to obviously, theory x and y are extremes most real. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of. The human side of enterprise [douglas mcgregor] on amazoncom not only did douglas mccregor contributed the basic concepts of theory x/y but he also.
Many years ago a professor named douglas mcgregor dubbed these perspectives theory x and theory y theory x assumes that people. Leadership, quality and health: using mcgregor's x and y theory for analyzing values in relation to methodologies and outcomes. The 'x - y theory' questionnaire (page 1 of 2) indicates whether alan chapman 2001-08 based on douglas mcgregor's x-y theory layout by n lacasse. Social psychologist mcgregor's theory-x and theory-yof mit expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: the x.